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To the question "Who really designed the flag?" [105] Diplomatic missions of EU member states fly the EU flag alongside their national flag. So the EU flag displaying a circle of 12 stars has a deeper meaning even than the crown of the Virgin Mary. Flag: European Union. It is also defaced with the initials of the former Western European Union in two languages.[123]. [113], A KOD demonstration in Warsaw, Poland against the ruling Law and Justice party, on 7 May 2016, Ukrainian and EU flags at Euromaidan, December 2013, European flag upside down at the Pride in London parade, just after the Brexit referendum in June 2016, Flag of the EU in the top left corner of a 100 euro banknote (second series). However, as the proposed constitution failed ratification, the mention of all state-like emblems, including the flag, were removed from the replacement Treaty of Lisbon of 2007. The first one says that red and gold would be the symbol of the pagan cult of the sun and the moon. On 24 March, the European Commission adopted its first EU Strategy on the Rights of the Child, and a proposal for a European Child Guarantee. 52% of those interviewed gave one of the correct answers, 15% gave a wrong answer (naming another institution, such as NATO or the United Nations), and 35% could or would not identify it. Between the different hypotheses that would explain the origin and the meaning of the colors of the Neapolitan flag, three are the most accredited, even if they don't have a real historical foundation.. He proposed a flag consisting of a green Cross of Europe on a white ground. [29] The combination of these It features a circle of 12 gold stars on a blue background. It should be a symbol of our common civilisation. These contain promises from the EU and governments so that children can have a good life, in the EU and beyond. In Ireland[119][120] [11], Their arrangement in a circle represents the constellation of Corona Borealis and can be seen as a crown and the stability of government. The EU organic logo gives a coherent visual identity to European Union produced organic products. [86] Its design is in the form of four horizontal stripes, blue, green, yellow and black, and a chevron horizontally divided in red and white adjacent to the hoist. Emoji Meaning A castle, in a style that can be found in France and other parts of Europe. There was a proposal in 2003 to deface national civil ensigns with the EU emblem. He claimed that the circle of stars was based on the iconographic tradition of showing the Blessed Virgin Mary as the Woman of the Apocalypse, wearing a "crown of twelve stars".[12][15]. [28] Copy and paste any flag emoji from this list and it will show on all supported platforms. ... the real meaning of this flag becomes apparent. It consists of the colors green, yellow, and red. The flag is used by the Cabinet of Ukraine, Prime Minister of Ukraine, and MFA UA during official meetings. Harmignies suggested creating a new heraldic device: a Cross of Europe. A green standard, colour of Charlemagne's standard, with a red cross fimbriated with gold. Originally designed in 1955 for the Council of Europe, the flag was adopted by the European Communities, the predecessors of the present European Union, in 1986. Protesters during the Greek government-debt crisis of 2012 "burned the EU flag and shouted 'EU out' ". White was a symbol of purity, truth, and innocence 2. … The bigger star depicted. a design was based on the Olympic rings, eight silver rings on a blue background, rejected due to the rings' similarity with "dial", "chain" and "zeros", or a large yellow star on a blue background, rejected due to its similarity with the so-called Burnet flag and the flag of the Belgian Congo. [11], In 1987, following the adoption of the flag by the EC, Arsène Heitz (1908–1989), one of the designers who had submitted proposals for the flag's design, suggested a religious inspiration for it. Ukraine is not a part of the EU but is a member of the Council of Europe. The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 27 member states that are located primarily in Europe. on occasions of "European Union Events" (for example, at a European Council meeting), where the European flag is flown alongside all national flags of member states, the national flags are placed in alphabetical order (according to their name in the main language of that state) with the European flag either at the head, or the far-right, of the order of flags. The number will remaintwelve no matter how many countries there are in the European Union.”. … Electric Plug. against the Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons, the Danish flag was most frequently burned, but (as the cartoons were reprinted in many European countries), some protesters opted for burning "the EU flag" instead. Twelve yellow stars are centred in a circle (the radius of which is a third of the length of the hoist) upon a blue background. [130], Chairman Michail Kostarakos wearing the heraldic badge, Moldovan and Ukrainian flags displayed as supporters, symbolising the EU's border assistance mission since 2005, The European emblem emblazoned on a chair at the occasion of the 2004 signing of the European Constitution in Rome, The European emblem emblazoned on the Eiffel Tower in 2008, The European emblem emblazoned on the carpet in the European Court of Human Rights, Arms of the European Air Transport Command, Arms of the European Union Military Committee, Arms of the European Union Military Staff. Red: strength, and the bloodshed for freedom Aside from the precise meaning, there are various other interpretations of the flag. 1. The "D" in this photo indicates Germany (Deutschland). Therefore, the dates shown are the oldest dates on which the flag was first recorded. [38], Shortly after this design considerations by Paul Levy, on 27 July 1950, Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi, president of the Pan-European movement wrote a memorandum which contained some rules that a flag for such union should follow. [17], An article posted in La Raison in February 2000 further connected the donation of a stained glass window for Strasbourg Cathedral by the Council of Europe on 21 October 1956. The design is probably inspired in the, Blue flag with a red and white eight-pointed, Blue flag with a star in the middle surrounded by twelve secondary stars. Probably Louis Wirion, who had already talked about reverting the colours in his first proposal. [27][contradictory], The Council of Europe in 1950 appointed a committee to study the question of adopting a symbol. He wanted to do national flags incorporating the Council of Europe flag. Meaning EU European Union (if used as an aggregate it should comprise all Member States at the time to which the data refers) In French tables/graphs, the term ‘Union Européenne’ should also be abbreviated by ‘EU’. It has been in wide official use by the EC since the 1990s, but it has never been given official status in any of the EU's treaties. Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain. Mary & the EU Flag — Our Lady’s Crown. Dezember 2001, President of Hungarian parliament orders removal of EU flag, "EU flags disappear from Polish government press briefings", "Un nouveau look pour la région Bruxelles-capitale", "Gewest gaat voor nieuwe vlag met hartjeslogo", http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/53480.stm, https://ec.europa.eu/commission/sites/beta-political/files/euco-sibiu-towards_a_european_defence_union_0.pdf. So it was decided to put 12 stars in a circle on the European flag, representing unity among the peoples of Europe. A: The Flag of Europe consists of a circle of twelve golden stars on a blue background. I am telling you this, Father, because you are wearing the little blue cross of the Blue Army of Our Lady of Fatima". The EU also inherited the emblem's use when it was formed in 1993, being the successor organisation to the EC starting from 1 December 2009 (date of entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty). This cross would consist of four "E"s backed on to a square. [85], Following the 2004 Summer Olympics, President Romano Prodi expressed his hope "to see the EU Member State teams in Beijing [viz., the 2008 games] carry the flag of the European Union alongside their own national flag as a symbol of our unity". [failed verification][90], In Georgia, the flag has been on most government buildings since the coming to power of Mikheil Saakashvili (2007),[91] who used it during his inauguration,[92] stating: "[the European] flag is Georgia's flag as well, as far as it embodies our civilisation, our culture, the essence of our history and perspective, and our vision for the future of Georgia. Poucher proposed a federal flag which was virtually the reverse of the flag of the United States of America, with blue bands and a red quarter in one corner. Click here to add the EU Flag to your profile: https://app.profileoverlays.com/Simple/eu-flag-overlay Jump to The number of stars has nothing to do with the number of member countries, though the circle is a symbol of unity. It consists of a government minister from each member state and meets in different compositions depending on the policy area being addressed. This is the official European Union flag (EU) and the official Council of Europe flag (CoE). This committee submitted a substantial report, including wide-ranging suggestions, from organising a "European lottery" to campaigning for the introduction of local voting rights for foreign nationals throughout Europe. [32], Other proposals included the flag was the European Movement, which had a large green E on a white background,[33] The stars of the flag “stand for the ideals of unity, solidarity and harmony among the peoples of Europe”, according to the EU website. [106] Some member states' national airlines such as Lufthansa have the EU flag alongside their national flags on aircraft as part of their aircraft registration codes, but this is not an EU-mandated directive. In many paintings of the Virgin Mary as Stella Maris she is crowned with a circle of twelve stars. [26] In 2007, the European Parliament officially adopted the flag for its own use. Their golden colour is that of the sun, which is said to symbolise glory and enlightenment. [15], Carlo Curti Gialdino (2005) has reconstructed the design process to the effect that Heitz's proposal contained varying numbers of stars, from which the version with twelve stars was chosen by the Committee of Ministers meeting at Deputy level in January 1955 as one out of two remaining candidate designs. In most member states, use of the EU flag is only de facto and not regulated by legislation, and as such subject to ad hoc revision. [89] Similar uses were reported from Moldova. But it also refers to the Zodiac and the Council of Light. [102], By the 2010s, the association of the emblem with the EU had become so strong that the Council of Europe saw it necessary to design a new logo, to "avoid confusion", officially adopted in 2013. Heitz, as in his previous January proposal, he suggested that each member state could add its own flag to the design. It is also often used to indicate eurozone countries. Its members have a combined area of 4,233,255.3 km 2 (1,634,469.0 sq mi) and an estimated total population of about 447 million. "bearing in mind the independence and the different nature of the two organizations, the Committee proposes to the European Council that the European Community emblem and flag should be a blue rectangle with, in the center, a circle of twelve five-pointed gold stars which do not touch, surrounding a gold letter E, of the design already used by the Commission." He also proposed these two designs to have a blue background. One of the curators of the Strasbourg Museum and member of the Secretariat-General, Martin-Levy, proposed a white ground with a green cross bearing in the centre the coat-of-arms of the Town of Strasbourg. and in 2016 by the pro-EU faction in the EU membership referendum campaigns in the United Kingdom. The symbols proposed where the following[41]. Mary & the EU Flag — Our Lady’s Crown. Kalergi was very committed to defending the cross as "the great symbol of Europe's moral unity", the Red Cross in particular being "recognized by the whole world, by Christian and non-Christian nations[,] as a symbol of international charity and of the brotherhood of man",[30] but the proposal was rejected by Turkey (a member of the Council of Europe since 1949) on grounds of its religious associations[31] in spite of Kalergi's suggestion of adding a crescent alongside the cross to overcome the Muslim objections. In heraldic terms, the European flag is the banner of arms, i.e. Flags List of country flag emojis. He suggests how to proceed as regards his proposal for a crescent shape to be added", "Design by Arsène Heitz – blue flag with the Turkish flag surrounded by stars in the top left-hand corner", "Design by Arsène Heitz – blue flag with the British flag on the top left, and 15 stars laid out in two concentric circles in the middle", "Design by Arsène Heitz – blue flag with the French flag on the top left, and 15 stars laid out in two concentric circles in the middle", "Azure design with a wreath of 15 stars in the middle", "The Assembly adopts a heraldic description of the flag design", "Design by Arsène Heitz – Blue flag with a yellow eight-pointed star in a red circle", "Design by Arsène Heitz – Blue flag with a red and white eight-pointed compass rose in the middle", "Design by Arsène Heitz – Blue flag with a star in the middle surrounded by twelve secondary stars", "The Committee of Ministers chooses the 12-star flag on an azure background as the European Flag. The countries of the European Union can be sorted alphabetically on the name of the country, but also on population and size of the country. [83], In 2015, a set of commemorative Euro coin was issued on the occasion of the 30th anniversary of the adoption of the emblem by the European Communities. November 1996, Flaggen-Verwaltungsanordnung (VwAoFlag) in der Fassung der Bekanntmachung vom 4. The flag followed the yellow and blue colour scheme however instead of twelve stars there were the letters EP and PE (initials of the European Parliament in the six community languages at the time) surrounded by a wreath. This is because it originally was the flag of the Council of Europe, and does not have a relationship with the EU. According to an Italian law passed in 2000, it is mandatory for most public offices and buildings to hoist the European Flag alongside the Italian national flag (Law 22/1998 and Presidential Decree 121/2000). "[80], In reaction to the removal of the flag from the treaty, the European Parliament, which had supported the inclusion of such symbols, backed a proposal to use these symbols "more often" on behalf of the Parliament itself; Jo Leinen, MEP for Germany, suggested that the Parliament should take "an avant-garde role" in their use. A: The Flag of Europe consists of a circle of twelve golden stars on a blue background. In response, Greenpeace projected an image of the flag onto the castle and attempted to fly the flag from the building themselves. so that, as of 2018, 17 out of 27 members have recognised the emblem as a flag representing "allegiance to the EU": This is the. [104], It is also depicted on many driving licences and vehicle registration plates issued in the Union. Specifically, the flag would be present in all meeting rooms (not just the hemicycle) and at all official events. The European Council adopted it was an "emblem" for the European Communities in 1985. The number of stars is fixed, 12 being the symbol of perfectionand unity. In particular, Arsène Heitz himself, in 1987, laid claim to his own role in designing the flag and to its religious inspiration when he said that 'the flag of Europe is the flag of Our Lady' [Magnificat magazine, 1987]. Flag of Europe at large created by the Council of Europe, then adopted as one of the official symbols of the European Communities and later of the European Union, "European flag" redirects here. Most of the documents sourced are from the Council of Europe webpage. An article published in Die Welt in August 1998 alleged that it was Lévy himself who was inspired to introduce a "Marian" element as he walked past a statue of the Blessed Virgin Mary. [20], According to graphical specifications published online by the Council of Europe in 2004, the flag is rectangular with 2:3 proportions: its fly (width) is one and a half times the length of its hoist (height). Strength or power. Paul M. G. Lévy drew up the exact design of the new flag. He wanted to do the European currencies with 15 stars in the corner. Their number is invariably twelve, the figure twelve being the symbol of perfection and entirety. Parliamentary appearance in 2017 raised questions about possible coded messages. Paul M. G. Lévy, then Director of Information at the Council of Europe responsible for designing the flag, in a 1989 statement maintained that he had not been aware of any religious connotations.[16]. Yellow: Hope and love for the country 3. The coat of arms of the Chairman of the European Union Military Committee (CEUMC), the highest-ranking officer within the EU's Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP), depicts the European emblem as a coat of arms, i.e. Show love for Europe with our Europe Flag filter! Christians of the country associate the colors with the Holy Trinity: 1. Emoji Meaning The flag for European Union, which may show as the letters EU on some platforms. The Council of Europe gave the flag a symbolic description in the following terms,[8] though the official symbolic description adopted by the EU omits the reference to the "Western world":[9][10].mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}. [75], The Communities began to use the "emblem" as its de facto flag from 1986, raising it outside the Berlaymont building (the seat of the European Commission) for the first time on 29 May 1986. These first proposals were made 19 January 1950 by Paul Levy in a letter to the Secretary-General. European Union Flag. It was created in 1955 and adopted by the European Union, then the European Economic Community, in … "not a compromise that the Commission itself cared much to abide by: from the outset, it generally used the terms 'Community flag' or, bolder still, 'European flag'." Estonia sparks fury after REMOVING EU flags from parliament ‘symbolic meaning’ ESTONIA has been urged to replace European Union flags in its parliament after … Italy has incorporated the EU flag into its flag code. [124] Sometime later, the Parliament chose to use a logo consisting of a stylised hemicycle and the EU flag at the bottom right. An official board publicizing Portuguese State and European Union budgeting in somebus company investment, symbolized by the respective flags, shows the European Union flag with white stars. Interviewees were shown "a sticker of the European flag" and asked to identify it. Council of Europe historical files on the flag, EU's graphical specifications for the flag, The symbols of the European Union: The flag of the Council Europe, Memorandum on design and designer of European flag, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Flag_of_Europe&oldid=1013395384, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2018, Wikipedia pages move-protected due to vandalism, Self-contradictory articles from May 2018, Articles lacking reliable references from March 2018, Articles slanted towards recent events from August 2019, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2017, Articles with failed verification from April 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [78], In 2002, Dutch architect Rem Koolhaas designed a new flag, dubbed the "barcode", as it displayed the colours of the national flags of the EU member states in vertical stripes. They could be green on a white background, white stars on a red background, or silver stars for associate members, and golden stars for full members. Red symbolizes bravery, strength, and valor 3. Why blue? He proposes a red cross", "European Flag: Memorandum by the Secretariat-General", "Proposals for European flags from Arsène Heitz (1952–1955)", "Salvador de Madariaga proposes a design for the European flag", "Letter from Arsène Heitz to F. Caracciolo (Clerk of the Assembly). The official status of the emblem as the flag of the European Union was to be formalised as part of the Constitution of the European Union. [76], The European Union, which was established by the Maastricht Treaty in 1992 to replace the European Communities and encompass its functions, has retained de facto use of the "Community logo" of the EC. Tobias Theiler, Countries polled: Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia (joined. [28] He proposed that the flag should contain a cross for several reasons. This article is more than 1 year old. I am kinda used to flags meaning something (Like the Union Flag, Stars and Stripes actually representing what their country is made up of) so do the 12 stars represent anything. [82] The proposal was passed on 8 October 2008 by 503 votes to 96 (15 abstentions). [37] Officially adopted on 8 December 1955, the flag was unveiled at the Château de la Muette in Paris on 13 December 1955. In the 2005 Islamic protests [125], Likewise, Kosovo uses blue, yellow and stars in its flag, which has been mocked as a "none too subtle nod to the flag of the European Union, which is about to become Kosovo's new best friend as it takes over protector status from the United Nations". Fifteen golden five-pointed stars in a circle representing union, over a sky-blue background. [95] It was flown during the 2013 Euromaidan protests in Ukraine,[96][97][98] The meaning of the flag’s symbolism can be found in an image of Marian devotion which appears in the twelfth chapter of the Book of Revelation: The a huge sign became visible in the sky – the figure of a woman clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet and a … At Countryflags.com you can find an overview of flags of all European Union countries. Some flags were proposed on several occasions. Following an online competition held in 2015 by the European Commission, citizens and residents of the euro area selected the design created by Georgios Stamatopoulos, an engraver at the Bank of Greece. The design was a blue field with a red cross inside an orange circle at the centre. (. Secondly, it is worth noting the testimony of Father Pierre Caillon, who refers to a meeting with Arsène Heitz. The struggle for independence, specifically the bloodshed caused for it. [81][clarification needed], In September 2008, the Parliament's Committee on Constitutional Affairs proposed a formal change in the institution's rules of procedure to make "better use of the symbols". In 2009, Czech President Václav Klaus, a eurosceptic, refused to fly the flag from his castle. Green represents the Holy Spirit 2… "[93], It was used in 2008 by pro-western Serbian voters ahead of an election.[94]. Meaning of the flag of Armenia: Red symbolizes the blood spilt by Armenian soldiers in war, maintenance of the Christian faith, Armenia’s independence and freedom; blue represents the will of the people of Armenia to live in peaceful skies; orange stands for the creative talent and hard working nature of the people of this country. The European Community adopt the same flag in 1986", Regarding The "Adonnino Report" – Report to the European Council by the ad hoc committee "On a People's Europe", A 10.04 COM 85, SN/2536/3/85, Central and Eastern Eurobarometer, Issue 8, Olympic Games 2004 – Congratulations from President Prodi, European Commission, 30 August 2004, "Election is landslide for leader of Belarus", "Comment – Georgia: Brussels on its mind", Cork group burns flag during anti-EU rally outside City Hall, "Embassy flagpole flies in the face of EU diplomacy", "Meeting of the EUROPEAN COUNCIL held on 19 October 2017", "Macron squares up to Eurosceptics on EU flag, Brexit", The Rules of Protocol regarding national holidays and the use of the Italian flag, FlaggAO (BGBl. But also, maybe the fact that leaving the EU isn’t just going mean one less star on the flag and a clean cut Britain-shaped hole in the map of Europe. He proposes a red cross on a green background, inspired by Charlemagne's standard", "Extract of a letter from George Coedes on the Turks and the cross", "Letter from Paul Levy to Salvador de Madariaga on Turkish opposition to a cross", "Letter from Paul Levy to Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi on Turkish opposition to a cross", "Letter from Paul Levy to Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi. Outside official use, the flag may not be used for "aims incompatible with European values". [12], On 25 September 1953, the Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe recommended that a blue flag with fifteen gold stars be adopted as an emblem for the organisation, the number fifteen reflecting the number of states of the Council of Europe. [4] It consists of a circle of twelve five-pointed golden stars on a blue field. Other reconstructions were made from descriptions in the documents and images provided by the European Council. It comprises 12 stars that morph into human figures embracing the birth of a new Europe. In the years that followed, it encouraged the emerging European institutions to adopt the same flag. Sky Blue: Symbol of peace and neutrality, as other colours were already used for other movements such as black for mourning, red for bolshevism, or green for Islam. Several EU publications related to the CSDP generally, and its prospective development as a defence arm, have also displayed the European emblem in this manner, albeit as a graphical design element rather than an official symbol. [99] In November 2014, the speaker of the Hungarian Parliament László Kövér ordered the removal of the EU flag from the parliament building, following an incident in which a member of parliament had "defenestrated" two EU flags from a fourth story window. [105] The blue background resembles the sky and symbolises truth and the intellect. He had circulated his flag round many European capitals and the concept had found favour. Flag proposal by Camille Manné, a Strasbourg Citizen, which incorporated all the colours of the European flags, made by doing a statistical analysis of the colours of the European flags. A circle of twelve five-pointed yellow stars on a blue field. The Council of Europe - which defends human rights and promotes European culture – chose the present design for its own use. It was Heitz who stopped him and declared "I was the one who designed the European flag. Adopted 8th December 1955. It is also the colour traditionally used to represent the Virgin Mary. "While some fans of the European players in golf's Ryder Cup unfurl the flag of the European Union, many persist in waving their national flags despite the multinational composition of the European team." The rules he stated where:[39], After these statements, Coudenhove-Kalergi proposed that the Pan-European movement flag would be the perfect one to fit this criteria[40], 15 July 1951, the consultative assembly put forward a final memorandum on the European flag.

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